Construction of the new town would also create jobs and thus help stimulate the national economic recovery following the Great Depression. The two other green towns are Greendale, Wisconsin (near Milwaukee) and Greenhills, Ohio (near Cincinnati).Greenbelt, which provided affordable housing for federal government workers, was one of three "green" towns planned in 1935 by Rexford Guy Tugwell, head of the United States Resettlement Administration, under authority of the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act. A fourth green town, Roosevelt, New Jersey (originally called Homestead), was planned but was not fully developed on the same large scale as Greenbelt. Roosevelt, helped Tugwell lay out the Maryland town on a site that had formerly consisted largely of tobacco fields.
In the city, the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 39.1% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 6.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median income for a household in the city was ,328, and the median income for a family was ,671.
There were 1,1202 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.1% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.0% were non-families.
35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.
36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.12. 22.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 34.4% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 7.5% were 65 years of age or older.