The territory of Austria covers 83,879 km The origins of modern-day Austria date back to the time of the Habsburg dynasty, when the vast majority of the country was a part of the Holy Roman Empire.
From the time of the Reformation, many northern German princes, resenting the authority of the Emperor, used Protestantism as a flag of rebellion.
Other major urban areas of Austria include Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck.
Austria is consistently ranked as one of the richest countries in the world by per capita GDP terms.
They also accused Washington of using the sanctions to squeeze Russian gas supplies out of Europe in favour of US energy exports.
Following Napoleon's defeat, Prussia emerged as Austria's chief competitor for rule of a Greater Germany.
Austria's defeat by Prussia at the Battle of Königgrätz, during the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, cleared the way for Prussia to assert control over the rest of Germany.
After the collapse of the Habsburg (Austro-Hungarian) Empire in 1918 at the end of World War I, Austria adopted and used the name the Republic of German-Austria ( This lasted until the end of World War II in 1945, after which Germany was occupied by the Allies and Austria's former democratic constitution was restored.
In 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state, ending the occupation.